Vaccinations

Why Vaccinate Your Pet?

Vaccinating your cat, dog, puppy or kitten is one of the most important things that you can do as a responsible and caring owner. It will help your pet to live a long and healthy life.

These vaccines provide antibodies against the most common and contagious, life-threatening diseases that your dog or cat will come across during their lifetime. Many of these diseases either have no cure, or would involve long, expensive and often unsuccessful treatments for you pet.

When should I vaccinate?

During the first few weeks of life, your puppy or kitten will be protected from disease by immunity passed on by the mother before birth, and through her milk. (These are known as maternally derived antibodies). Unfortunately, this immunity only lasts until your puppy or kitten is around 12 weeks of age. This is why it is so important to get the vaccinations completed as soon as possible.

We recommend having the first vaccination at 8 weeks old in puppies, and 9 weeks old in kittens.

The second vaccination is then given between 3-4 weeks later.

This means that the protection provided by these vaccines starts at the approximate time that the immunity passed on by your pet’s mother runs out.

After the primary course, an annual ‘booster’ vaccination is essential, providing your loved pet with continuous protection. Annual boosters are very important as, unlike in humans,  the effect of vaccination only lasts a limited time.

What Diseases Does The Vaccine Cover?

Cats

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis – ‘CAT FLU’ – Very common in the West Midlands, we see several cases every week

  • Easily transmitted from one cat to another
  • Causes sneezing, fever, lack of appetite, discharges from the eyes and nose and coughing
  • Even if a cat recovers, symptoms may occur on and off for life

Feline Calicivirus – Very common in the West Midlands, we see several cases every week

  • Another major cause of ‘cat flu’
  • Widespread and highly contagious
  • Causes ulcers in the tongue and mouth and pneumonia (lung inflammation), sneezing and runny eyes
  • Treatment is difficult
  • Infected animals will continue to spread the disease to other cats, and may have lifelong problems

Feline Panleucopenia – cat ‘Parvo’ or Enteritis

  • This disease can survive for up to a year outside of your cat’s body
  • Most cats will come into contact with it in their lifetime
  • Causes diarrhoea, vomiting, severe dehydration and fever
  • Once infected, a cat can spread the disease to other cats in the area
  • Vaccination is essential for this potentially fatal disease – treatment is very difficult, and not always successful 

Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV) – Common in the West Midlands

  • This disease can result in a number of health problems for your cat, ranging from bacterial infections to cancers
  • After being exposed to the Virus, an infected cat may show no symptoms for months, if not years, while continuing to affect other healthy cats
  • A potentially fatal disease
Vaccinations

Dogs

Canine Parvovirus – Common in the West Midlands

  • Spread via infected faeces dog to dog
  • Highly contagious and often fatal
  • Causes fever, vomiting, and diarrhoea with blood
  • The disease can stay in the environment for months, continuing to infect other dogs

Canine Distemper

  • Often fatal and very difficult to treat
  • Spread dog to dog by eye and nose discharges
  • Causes fever, coughing, diarrhoea, vomiting, fitting and paralysis

Infectious Canine Hepatitis

  • Spread dog to dog by infected urine, faeces or saliva
  • Symptoms similar to Distemper
  • Causes Liver failure, eye damage and breathing problems
  • Can be fatal 

Leptospirosis – Common in the West Midlands

  • Infected dogs can suffer from Liver and Kidney damage
  • This disease will need a long period of treatment if they are to fully recover
  • Often fatal and CAN INFECT HUMANS

Infectious Tracheobronchitis – ‘Kennel cough’ – Very Common in the West Midlands

  • Transmitted from dog to dog easily
  • Caused by various airborne bacteria and viruses just like the human cold
  • Causes a dry, hacking cough – often resulting in vomiting
  • Requires a separate vaccine given by squirting liquid up the nose